Chapada Diamantina is truly a natural sanctuary. A privileged region, filled with beautiful landscapes composed by an incredible variety of vegetation, wild life, rocks and waterfalls that offer the chance for radical sports such as rappel, tirolesa, alpinism, and cycling, not to mention hiking, walking, horse-back riding and snorkeling in caves.
Lençois is the most important city from Chapada, it has many pousadas, restaurants, and it is abble to attend brasilian and foreign tourist. Lençois is an old colonial town of stone streets and little churches, with cell phone towers peeking over hills the only real sign of modern world.
Facts about Chapada Diamantina
- 600 million years ago Chapada Diamantina was covered by the sea. Nowadays you can still find shells and pieces of coral caves and riverbeds.
- The landscape of Chapada Diamantina began to change with the clash of two continental blocks . This phenomenon forced the creation of hills, canyons and rivers.
- Chapada Diamantina has the three highest points of Bahia. Pico das Almas with 1958 meters , Peak Itobira with 1970 meters, and the highest , Peak Barbados with 2080 meters of altitude.
- The Glass Smoke waterfall, with its 420 meters of free fall is the largest in Brazil. It got its name because the wind doesn´t not let the water touch the ground, being thrown into the air in a foggy jet.
- In Chapada there are more than 100 cataloged filled caves with stalactites, stalagmites, underground rivers and cave paintings panels.
- The Lapão Cave is the largest cave of quartzite in America, with its 120 meters long.
- The Torrinha Cave, with its 8 km long is the richest of the region and save rare formations, gypsum needle as the largest in the world, 65 cm, and a flower aragonite 30 cm diameter and 70 cm high.
- The largest cave in the Chapada is the Lapa Doce is 40 meters wide and 1 mile long.
- The mountainous Chapada varies with altitude from 400m to 1,400m. This difference in altitude contributes to the region's biodiversity, enhanced by a pleasant microclimate temperatures. Several waterways traverse this scenario creating jumps and waterfalls.
- The vegetation of the park is divided into rocky fields, general fields and dense riverine forests. The most frequent species are the orchids and bromeliads.
- Several species of animals are found in the National Park. Among the mammals we highlight the jaguar, coati, agouti, capybara and puma; among reptiles alligator, the boa and anaconda; besides many birds like the cockatiel, the songbird, the macaw and the rare hummingbird - red - tie, which had been considered extinct.